VI pioneers

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In vibraimaging, VI pioneers or "vibraimagepioneers" are scientists and researches studied and developed the dependence between human (or animals) movements (mobility) from the one side and human characteristics as emotions, minds and health on the other side. Different scientists suggested different terms for emotional-movement characteristics like psychodynamics, biomechanics, myokinetics, reflex movement, psychomotorics, etc. Vibraimage term was coined by Russian biometrist Viktor Minkin in his publication Myths and reality of biometrics pasportization, 2003 year.

The link between emotions and movements is known from the ancient science begins from the greatest philosopher Aristotle (384 BC – 322 BC) , the most important founder of Western philosophy combining encompassing morality and aesthetics, logic and science, politics and metaphysics. He wrote on many subjects, including physics, metaphysics, poetry, theater, music, logic, rhetoric, politics, government, ethics, biology, and zoology. His classic work "On the motion of animals" is one of the first science research about biology and physics of movements.

Charles Darwin (12 February 1809 – 19 April 1882) was an English famous naturalist who realised and presented compelling evidence that all species of life have evolved over time from common ancestors, through the process he called natural selection. In modified form, Darwin's scientific discovery is the unifying theory of the life sciences, explaining the diversity of life. The Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals is a book of Charles Darwin published in 1872, on how humans and non-human animals express their emotions through movement and this process is determined by evolution theory.

Greatest Russian physiologist Ivan Sechenov (1829-1905) in major classic work Reflexes of Brain, published 1863 declared "that every mind has muscular realization".

Sechenov's major interest was neurophysiology (the structure of the brain). He showed that brain activity is linked to electric currents and was the first to introduce electrophysiology. Among his discoveries was the cerebral inhibition of spinal reflexes. He also maintained that chemical factors in the environment of the cell are of great importance. Like several other Russian scientists of the period Sechenov was often in conflict with the tsarist government and conservative colleagues, but he did not emigrate. In 1866 censorship committee in St.Petersburg attempted judicial procedures accusing Sechenov of spreading materialism and of "debasing of Christian morality".

Sechenov's work laid the foundations for the study of reflexes, animal and human behaviour, and neuroscience.

Sigmund Freud (May 6,1856 – September 23,1939), was an Austrian neurologist who founded the psychoanalytic school of psychology. Freud is best known for his theories of the unconscious mind and the defense mechanism of repression and for creating the clinical practice of psychoanalysis for curing psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud is also renowned for his redefinition of sexual desire as the primary motivational energy of human life, as well as his therapeutic techniques, including the use of free association, his theory of transference in the therapeutic relationship, and the interpretation of dreams as sources of insight into unconscious desires. He was also an early neurological researcher into cerebral palsy. Freud's methods and ideas remain important in clinical psychodynamic approaches, he declared that person has not random movements, every movement determines by the brain or physiology.

Instead of upper mentioned scientists, only partly concentrated on movement research, Russian neurophysiologist Nikolai Bernstein (1896 - 1966) spent most part of his life to physiology of movement. His first work was in 1922, when he, along with other researchers, were invited to study movement during manual labor in Moscow's Central Institute of Labor. The purpose of the study was to optimize productivity, and Bernstein's analysis focused on cutting metal with a chisel. He used cyclographic techniques to track human movement, a technique he would continue using for many of his experiments. His research showed that most movements, like hitting a chisel with a hammer, are composed of smaller movements. Any one of these smaller movements, if altered, affect the movement as a whole. In 1935, he received a Doctor of Science degree without submitting a thesis. He was also one of the first members of the Academy of Medical Sciences of USSR, founded in 1946. And, in 1948, he was awarded the Stalin prize for science. Since he did his research behind the iron curtain of the USSR, his ideas only became known to Western scientists in the 1960s, when his seminal book, The Coordination and Regulation of Movements was translated into English from Russian. He was one of the pioneers of research into biological motor control, proposing that human motion was controlled through adaptation to constraints placed upon it. He posited that each movement was unique, and was adapted to the situation by a hierarchical set of control systems, each exerting input into the motion in sequence and in parallel. He also coined the term biomechanics, the study of movement through the application of mechanical principles. The principle of discrete movement discovered by Berstien forms one of the vibraimaging bases and his calculation of time discrete 0.1 sec were proved by vibraimaging.

Konrad Lorenz (November 7, 1903– February 27, 1989) was an Austrian zoologist, animal psychologist, ornithologist, and Nobel Prize winner. He is often regarded as one of the founders of modern ethology, developing an approach that began with an earlier generation. Lorenz studied instinctive behavior in animals, especially in greylag geese and jackdaws. Working with geese, he rediscovered the principle of imprinting (originally described by Douglas Spalding in the 19th century) in the behavior of nidifugous birds.

He wrote numerous books, some of which, such as King Solomon's Ring and On Aggression became popular reading. In later life his interest shifted to the study of man in society. He discovered quantity dependence between reflex movement frequency and aggression, realized in vibraimaging algorithms.

Emilio Mira y Lopez (1896-1964) is considered to be the most outstanding psychiatrist and psychologist of the Spanish speaking world in the 20th century.To catalogue and explain all of Dr. Mira y Lopez's work is a difficult task, since all of those who have studied it, point out the spread of interests and activities Dr. Mira y Lopez cultivated throughout his life. In this respect, professor Lafuente states: "We cannot do less than acknowledge the quantity and quality of his accomplishments. Dr. Mira y Lopez was a medical doctor, a psychologist and psychiatrist, as well as a professor of diverse subjects. He taught on many courses and conferences; wrote numerous pieces of scientific work, excellent manuals and books for the general public. He Invented psycho-technique instruments for professional selection and orientation. He promoted the development of this field of professional orientation, at two important institutions: The Institute for Professional Orientation of Barcelona, and the ISOP of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

One of the most important legacies of Dr. Mira to science, is his test for personality, initially presented before the psychiatric section of the Royal Academy of Medicine of London in October 1939, under the title: "The Myokinetic Psychodiagnistic. A new device for detecting the cognative trends of personality". The test was named by its author as Myokinetic Psychodiagnostic and known commonly as PMK or Mira's test. He was the first scientest who suggested the practical psychodiagnostic method based on movement calculation. PMK looks like vibraimage prototype in the midle of XX century, without webcams and computers.